Robusta Beans: 10 Interesting Facts

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Written By Anh Dung Pham

Are you a coffee lover looking to expand your knowledge about the beans that make up your daily brew? If so, then you’re in for a treat because today we’ll be diving deep into the world of robusta beans.

There are some interesting facts about Robusta beans that you never knew.

These little powerhouses are often overshadowed by their more popular cousin, arabica, but they have plenty of interesting facts and features that deserve attention.

First and foremost, it’s worth noting that robusta beans contain around twice as much caffeine as arabica beans.

This means that if you’re looking for a stronger pick-me-up, then robusta might just be the bean for you.

But caffeine content isn’t the only thing that makes these beans special, they also have an impressive resistance to disease which means they require less pesticide use than other varieties.

Join us as we explore nine more fascinating facts about this underappreciated bean!

10 Interesting Facts About Robusta Beans You Never Knew:

Robusta Beans, a common choice for instant coffee, possess a distinctive taste and hardiness. Major producers like Vietnam and Indonesia dominate the Robusta market, leveraging the bean’s resilience against pests.

The beans’ higher caffeine content acts as a natural deterrent, ensuring healthier yields. However, the flavor profile can be more bitter, with some aficionados noticing hints of wood or rubber.

Economically, Robusta Beans face price fluctuations due to their significant role in instant coffee production. As climate change continues, they might become an essential choice for regions where traditional Arabica crops struggle.

High Caffeine Content

Are you intrigued by coffee bean types and flavors? Prepare to be amazed by the interesting facts about Robusta beans that you never knew.

Get ready for a jolt – Robusta beans pack a serious punch with their high caffeine content. In fact, they contain almost double the amount of caffeine found in Arabica beans.

While some may shy away from this intense kick, others appreciate the benefits that come along with it. Caffeine has been shown to improve focus and concentration, increase metabolism and even boost athletic performance.

But too much of a good thing can also have negative health effects. Consuming excessive amounts of caffeine can lead to insomnia, anxiety, and increased heart rate.

High Caffeine Content

It’s important to be mindful of your intake and listen to your body’s reactions. If you’re sensitive to caffeine or have underlying health conditions, you may want to opt for a milder coffee option.

Despite its reputation as the lesser quality bean compared to Arabica, Robusta still has its place in the coffee world.

Its strong taste profile pairs well with milk-based drinks like cappuccinos and lattes, making it a popular choice for specialty coffee shops.

Robusta beans are also more resistant to pests and disease than Arabica, which makes them easier and cheaper to cultivate using sustainable farming techniques.

Resistance to Disease

You’ll be amazed at how resistant robusta beans are to diseases – it’s a true testament to their hardiness and durability!

This is due to their genetic makeup, which enables them to resist pests and diseases that would otherwise attack Arabica beans.

To maintain this natural defense mechanism, farmers use minimal pest control methods, which has a positive environmental impact and makes robusta cultivation more sustainable.

Despite its reputation as the “inferior” coffee bean, the resistance of robusta beans to disease has made them increasingly popular in recent years.

In fact, as climate change threatens the sustainability of Arabica production, many have turned to robusta as an alternative.

It also helps that the flavor profile of robusta coffee has improved significantly over time due to advancements in processing methods.

As market trends continue to shift towards sustainability and ethical sourcing practices, it’s likely that we’ll see even more demand for robusta coffee in the future.

And with its impressive resistance to disease and potential for genetic modification, who knows what other benefits this hardy little bean may hold?


VietNam Coffee

Vietnam’s robusta coffee industry has taken the world by storm, having grown rapidly in recent decades. Robusta plantations cover around 27% of Vietnam’s agricultural land, making it one of the largest producers of coffee in the world.

Vietnamese coffee culture is deeply ingrained in the country’s history and identity, with a strong emphasis on traditional brewing techniques.

Vietnamese coffee beans are known for their bold, earthy flavor and high caffeine content. They are typically used to make strong espresso-like drinks or mixed with sweetened condensed milk for a creamy treat.

The unique taste profile of Vietnamese coffee has made it increasingly popular among specialty coffee enthusiasts.

The economic impact of Vietnam’s robusta industry cannot be overstated. It provides jobs for over two million people and accounts for about 10% of the country’s export revenue.

Despite facing challenges such as climate change and fluctuating market prices, Vietnam remains a major player in the global coffee scene thanks to its dedication to producing high-quality beans and innovative approaches to cultivation and processing.


If you’re a coffee lover, get ready to experience the bold and rich flavor of espresso as we dive into its history and brewing techniques. Espresso is a concentrated form of coffee that originated in Italy in the early 20th century.

It is made by forcing hot water through finely ground coffee beans at high pressure, producing a thick, creamy layer of foam called crema on top.

To make a perfect cup of espresso, you need to use high-quality Robusta beans that are roasted to perfection. There are many variations of espresso available today, each with its own unique flavor profile.

Some popular variations include ristretto (short shot), lungo (long shot), and macchiato (espresso with a dash of milk). The brewing technique also plays an important role in determining the taste and texture of your espresso.

The key to achieving the perfect espresso lies in selecting the right roasting method for your beans. Dark roast Robusta beans produce a strong, bold flavor with hints of chocolate and caramel notes, while medium roast beans have a smoother taste with fruity undertones.

Additionally, latte art has become increasingly popular among baristas who take pride in their craftsmanship when preparing your favorite caffeinated beverages.

A perfectly crafted latte will not only satisfy your taste buds but also leave you mesmerized by its beautiful design on top!

Round Shape

Take a look at the round shape section, where you can learn about various circular objects and their uses in everyday life. One of the most interesting round-shaped objects is the robusta coffee bean.

Cultivated primarily in Africa and Asia, this type of coffee bean is known for its hardy nature and high caffeine content. Unlike arabica beans, which have an oval shape with a curved line down one side, robusta beans are perfectly round.

Despite being overshadowed by arabica beans in terms of popularity, robusta beans have their own unique flavor profile that sets them apart. Most people describe the taste as earthy or woody, with hints of chocolate or nuts.

This makes it ideal for use in espresso blends because it adds depth and complexity to the drink’s flavor. However, some people find it too bitter or harsh on its own.

Roasting techniques also play a significant role in bringing out the best flavors from robusta beans. Darker roasts tend to bring out more bitterness and smokiness, while lighter roasts highlight its fruity notes.

Brewing methods like French press or drip coffee makers can also affect how strong or mild the cup of coffee tastes.

It’s worth noting that cultivating robusta beans has less environmental impact than arabica due to its ability to resist pests and disease without relying heavily on pesticides or fertilizers.

Low Altitude Growth

Did you know that growing coffee at low altitudes can affect the flavor profile of your cup of joe? While arabica beans are known for being grown at high altitudes, robusta beans thrive in lower regions.

This difference in altitude has a significant impact on the taste and aroma of the coffee.

One benefit of growing robusta beans at low altitudes is their ability to produce a stronger, more bitter flavor. This makes them ideal for use in espresso blends as they can hold up to the intensity of other flavors.

Additionally, robusta beans are easier to grow and harvest due to their hardier nature, making them more sustainable for farmers who may not have access to higher-altitude environments.

However, it’s important to note that processing methods also play a role in determining the final flavor profile of robusta coffee. Improper harvesting techniques or inadequate processing methods can result in a lower quality product.

Therefore, it’s essential for farmers to prioritize sustainability efforts and invest in proper harvesting and processing techniques to ensure high-quality coffee production.


As we learned earlier, robusta beans are typically grown at lower altitudes than their arabica counterparts. But did you know that this difference in elevation can also impact the price of the beans?

That’s right, the cost analysis of robusta beans versus arabica beans is an important factor in the coffee market.

Here are some interesting facts about the current state of robusta bean prices and their economic impact:

  • Robusta coffee accounts for approximately 40% of global coffee production.
  • The demand for robusta beans has been increasing due to changing consumption patterns and preferences in emerging markets.
  • In recent years, fluctuations in weather conditions have affected global production and caused price volatility.
  • Despite being considered a cheaper alternative to arabica beans, there is still a significant economic impact associated with robusta bean production and trade.

When considering market trends and global production, it becomes clear that the price of robusta beans is constantly fluctuating based on supply and demand factors.

As countries like Vietnam continue to ramp up their production capabilities and more consumers opt for blends featuring both arabica and robusta beans, we can expect to see continued shifts in pricing.

It’s important to remember that while robusta may be seen as a less expensive option compared to arabica, there are still many livelihoods tied to its cultivation and trade around the world.

By keeping an eye on consumption patterns and market trends, we can better understand how these economic impacts will continue to shape our relationship with this unique type of coffee bean.

Robusta vs Arabica

The battle between robusta and arabica coffee beans is a fierce one, with each variety vying for dominance in the global market.

While both types of coffee have their own unique characteristics, there are some key differences between them that make them stand out.

One such difference is their flavor profile – while arabica beans are known for their delicate and nuanced flavors, robusta beans offer a stronger, more bitter taste that can be enjoyed by those who prefer a more robust coffee.

In addition to their flavor profiles, the cultural significance of these two types of coffee cannot be ignored. Arabica beans are often associated with high-end specialty coffees and are prized for their quality and complexity.

On the other hand, robusta beans have historically been seen as an inferior product due to their harsher taste. However, in recent years there has been a growing appreciation for robusta coffee among consumers who value its unique flavor profile.

When it comes to processing methods and brewing techniques, both varieties require different approaches to bring out the best in each bean.

Arabica beans are typically grown at higher elevations and undergo a longer fermentation process during production. Robusta beans require less care during cultivation but must be roasted carefully to avoid burning or bitterness.

In terms of market demand, arabica still dominates the global market due to its popularity among specialty coffee enthusiasts, but robusta’s increasing appeal suggests that it may soon become an equally valued commodity on its own terms.

Overall, both arabica and robusta coffee have their own unique qualities that make them stand out in the world of specialty coffees.

While they may not always be viewed as equals in terms of cultural significance or market demand, there is no denying that each type of bean offers its own distinct flavor profile that can be appreciated by discerning consumers worldwide.

Chicory Mix

Now that we have discussed the differences between Robusta and Arabica beans, let’s explore a coffee substitute that often gets mixed with these two types of beans.

This substitute is chicory, which comes from the root of a plant in the dandelion family. Chicory has been used for centuries as a coffee alternative, particularly in New Orleans-style coffee.

One of the health benefits of using chicory as a coffee substitute is that it contains inulin, which promotes healthy gut bacteria and can aid in digestion.

Additionally, chicory has anti-inflammatory properties and can help lower cholesterol levels. From a culinary perspective, chicory adds a slightly bitter flavor to dishes and is often used in salads or roasted as a vegetable.

Sustainability practices are also important when considering chicory as a coffee substitute. The plant itself requires less water than traditional crops like corn or soybeans, making it an environmentally friendly option.

Additionally, because chicory is often grown alongside other crops like wheat or barley, it helps promote biodiversity on farms.

Overall, incorporating chicory into our diets can provide both health benefits and support sustainable agriculture practices without sacrificing taste or quality.

Instant Coffee

Let’s delve into the world of instant coffee and discover its unique characteristics. Instant coffee is a type of coffee that is made by freeze-drying or spray-drying brewed coffee.

The result is a powder that can be easily dissolved in hot water to create a quick cup of coffee. While some people may turn their noses up at instant coffee, it has its own set of unique flavors notes that are worth exploring.

When it comes to brewing methods, instant coffee is one of the easiest ways to make a quick cup of joe. All you need is hot water and your preferred amount of instant coffee powder.

Some people like to add creamer or sugar for added flavor, but others prefer the simplicity of just hot water and black coffee. The beauty of instant coffee lies in its convenience – no need for complicated brewing equipment or techniques.

While it may not have the same cultural significance as other types of specialty coffees, instant coffee still holds historical origins dating back to the early 1900s.

It was first introduced as a way for soldiers during World War I to have access to a quick caffeine fix while on the front lines.

Today, many people enjoy instant coffee as part of their daily routine due to its ease-of-use and health benefits (such as antioxidants). So next time you’re looking for a quick pick-me-up, don’t knock instant coffee until you’ve tried it!

Frequently Asked Questions

What types of diseases does robusta coffee have resistance to?

Disease resistance is one of the most notable characteristics of robusta coffee beans. Due to their unique genetic diversity, these beans have natural defenses against many diseases that can affect other coffee varieties.
Cultivation techniques also play a role in maintaining this resistance, as farmers must carefully monitor and manage their crops to prevent outbreaks.
Despite its reputation for being less flavorful than arabica coffee, robusta’s disease-resistant properties have made it an increasingly popular choice in the market.
As consumers become more aware of the benefits of sustainable and resilient crops, the demand for robusta continues to grow.

How does Vietnam’s coffee production compare to other countries?

Vietnam’s coffee production has come a long way since its humble beginnings in the 19th century. Today, it is considered a global leader in coffee production, second only to Brazil.
However, Vietnam’s coffee industry faces challenges such as the impact of climate change on crop yields and quality.
Nevertheless, the country has been able to adapt through technological advancements that have improved productivity and quality control.
The history of Vietnamese coffee cultivation is also fascinating, it was introduced by French colonizers who saw potential in the region’s fertile land for growing coffee.
Looking towards the future, there are concerns surrounding sustainability and fair trade practices in Vietnam’s coffee industry.
Nonetheless, with continued innovation and dedication from farmers, there is hope that Vietnam will remain a prominent player in the global coffee market for years to come.

Can robusta beans be used for anything besides espresso?

Robusta beans have a lot more versatility than people may think. While they are commonly used in espresso blends, they can also be used for other brewing methods such as drip coffee or French press.
Robusta beans tend to have a stronger and more bitter flavor profile compared to arabica beans, but this makes them great for blending with other beans to create unique flavor profiles.
Additionally, robusta beans have been found to have some health benefits such as providing antioxidants and reducing inflammation. Many coffee producers are also making sustainability efforts by using sustainable farming practices and supporting fair trade initiatives.
Overall, don’t underestimate the potential of robusta beans beyond just being an espresso component – their versatility offers exciting possibilities for coffee lovers and sustainability advocates alike.

What factors affect the price of robusta coffee?

Climate impact, market fluctuations, processing methods, quality standards, and global demand are all factors that can affect the price of robusta coffee. Climate changes can have a significant impact on the availability and quality of the beans.
Market fluctuations can cause prices to rise or fall rapidly depending on supply and demand. Processing methods also play a crucial role in determining the final price as they affect the flavor profile of the coffee.
Quality standards set by regulatory bodies also influence pricing as higher-quality beans often command a premium price.
Finally, global demand for robusta coffee is another crucial factor that affects pricing as it determines how much buyers are willing to pay for the product.
Overall, understanding these factors is essential for anyone interested in investing in or trading robusta coffee futures.

How does the taste of a pure robusta coffee differ from a blend with chicory?

When comparing pure Robusta coffee to a blend with chicory, there are notable taste differences. The pure Robusta coffee has a stronger and more bitter taste due to its high caffeine content and lower acidity compared to Arabica beans.
However, when blended with chicory, the bitterness is mellowed out and it adds a nutty flavor profile.
Brewing methods can also affect the taste of these coffees – French press or drip brewing brings out more of the Robusta’s boldness while espresso pulls out the sweetness in the blend with chicory.
In terms of health benefits, both types contain antioxidants that may improve cognitive function and reduce risk of diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Culinary uses for coffee include using it as a rub for meat or incorporating it into desserts like tiramisu.
Lastly, roasting techniques play a role in bringing out certain flavors in these beans – darker roasts bring out smokiness while lighter roasts highlight fruitiness in Arabica blends.


In conclusion, robusta beans may not be as popular as their arabica counterparts, but they have interesting qualities that make them worthy of recognition.

With its high caffeine content and ability to resist diseases, it is no wonder why it is the go-to bean for instant coffee and Vietnamese coffee.

Its round shape also makes it easier to harvest mechanically, leading to a lower price point compared to arabica.

When it comes to taste, robusta’s reputation as bitter and harsh may not be entirely fair. In fact, when blended with chicory or used in espresso blends, it can add a unique depth of flavor that cannot be achieved with arabica alone.

Although robusta beans may not be everyone’s cup of tea (or coffee), there is definitely value in exploring this underappreciated variety.

If you want to explore other coffee bean types, we recommend you to read on Tanzania’s peaberry coffee profile or understanding peaberry coffee beans by browsing our site at