What Is The Difference Between Arabica And Excelsa?

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Written By Anh Dung Pham

As a coffee enthusiast, I’m sure you’ve heard of both Arabica and Excelsa coffees. These two varieties have a lot in common, but there are also some major differences that set them apart from each other.

The difference between Arabica and Excelsa coffee beans lies in their flavor profile, caffeine content, and density of mucilage. Excelsa beans have a denser mucilage and fewer soluble solids than Arabica beans, resulting in a more earthy flavor.

In this article, we’ll be exploring the origins, flavor profiles, uses, roasting techniques and grading systems for these two different types of coffee beans.

By the end, you’ll have a better understanding of how they compare to one another so that you can choose the best coffee bean for your needs.

Key Takeaways

  • Arabica coffee, often originating from the highlands of Ethiopia, boasts an oval-shaped bean with a curved crease, and it carries a sweeter and more tangy flavor profile.
  • On the other hand, Excelsa coffee, which has its roots in regions of Central and East Africa, presents a more asymmetrical and elongated bean.
  • Moreover, while Arabica coffee is preferred for manual brewing methods like pour-over due to its delicate flavors, Excelsa coffee is valued for adding complexity to blends and might be brewed using robust methods like the French press.
  • Additionally, connoisseurs note that Arabica typically contains less caffeine, whereas Excelsa is recognized for its higher caffeine content.


The question of “Is Excelsa coffee strong?” can be answered with a resounding yes. With its robust flavor profile and vibrant taste, Excelsa coffee showcases a strength that appeals to those seeking a more pronounced and invigorating coffee experience.

Arabica and Excelsa beans have quite different origins – Arabica hails from Ethiopia, while Excelsa bean is native to Indonesia! This distinction becomes even more significant when you consider the vast difference in climates between these two countries.

Ethiopia’s climate is much cooler than that of Indonesia, which is warm and humid year-round. As a result, the Arabica bean has adapted to thrive at higher altitudes with less moisture and fewer nutrients, while Excelsa does best in environments where there is plenty of water and rich soil.

This also means that Arabica beans tend to be more concentrated in flavor than their Indonesian counterparts.

Another key factor in their differences lies in the type of coffee plant they come from. While both are classified as Coffea Robusta plants, Arabica beans are derived from the Typica variety while Excelsa comes from a less common strain called Liberika.

The Typica variety produces larger cherries with smoother flavors whereas Liberika often yields smaller cherries with bolder tastes.

Furthermore, due to variations in growing conditions and processing techniques, each type of bean offers its own unique flavor profile that can be used to create distinct blends for various coffee-based drinks or espresso shots.

As it stands now, Arabica beans remain a popular choice among coffee connoisseurs worldwide due to its complexity of flavors combined with its relatively mild acidity compared to other coffees like Robusta – but this doesn’t mean that Excelsa should be overlooked either!

With its intense aroma and strong body, it can certainly add an interesting depth to any cup if used judiciously. Moving on to flavor profiles…

Flavor Profiles

Difference Flavor Profiles Between Arabica And Excelsa

The difference in flavor profiles between Arabica and Excelsa coffee is distinct, with Arabica known for its delicate and nuanced notes, while Excelsa, along with the boldness of Liberica beans and Robusta coffee beans, contributes to a robust and full-bodied coffee blend that caters to varying preferences in the global coffee market, ensuring a diverse range of options for coffee production and the best experience of coffee at home.

Experience the deliciousness of Arabica and Excelsa coffee beans for yourself – each with its own unique flavor profile! Arabica beans are known for their sweet, fruity aroma and smooth taste.

They tend to be on the lighter side, with a mellow acidity and subtle notes of chocolate or caramel. In comparison, Excelsa beans have a bolder flavor that is more intense than Arabica’s.

It has a strong earthy smell and an acidic taste that can be described as either tart or sour. The body of this coffee is heavier than Arabica, offering hints of dark fruit such as plums or raisins in its finish.

As you can tell, these two kinds of coffee offer different profiles despite their common origins. It’s worth noting that the flavor profiles may vary depending on where they are grown due to climate variations and other environmental factors.

Therefore it’s always best to try both kinds so you can decide which one suits your palate better!

Furthermore, since there are so many ways to make coffee from grinding your own beans to using single-serve machines, experimenting with different brewing methods could bring out even more nuances in the flavors of both Arabica and Excelsa coffees.

With all these options available, exploring these two kinds of coffee will provide an unforgettable experience in terms of taste!

On the other hand, understanding Excelsa coffee taste reveals a unique and distinctive experience. Excelsa coffee presents a bold and robust flavor profile, characterized by a blend of tart fruitiness and intense earthy undertones.


Difference Uses Between Arabica And Excelsa

The difference in uses between Arabica and Excelsa coffee lies in their distinct flavor profiles, with Arabica often preferred for its smooth and nuanced taste, while the boldness of Liberica and Excelsa lends itself well to creating rich blends and adding depth to coffee creations.

Understanding the features of Excelsa coffee helps highlight the difference in its usage compared to Arabica coffee.

Beyond simply offering different flavor profiles, Arabica and Excelsa coffees also have distinct uses in various culinary applications. Arabica beans are widely considered the highest grade of coffee bean, and as such, it is often used for espresso-based drinks.

The Arabica bean has a naturally sweet flavor that pairs well with milk-based drinks like cappuccinos or lattes. Excelsa beans on the other hand are more bitter than Arabica beans and better suited for use in filter coffee or cold brew recipes.

They also offer an intense aroma that adds complexity to dishes when added directly to the recipe. In addition, they can be used to make delicious syrups or sauces for desserts without overpowering the taste of the dish itself.

The two types of beans each have unique characteristics and advantages that make them suitable for different uses in cooking and preparing beverages.

Roasting these coffees will bring out their individual flavors even further, allowing chefs to create a variety of creative dishes featuring either bean type – from espressos to ice creams – while still maintaining a great taste experience for their customers.

With practice, anyone can learn how to identify which type of bean will work best in any given recipe or beverage preparation process. Moving on from uses, roasting is another important step in preparing coffee beans before consumption…


Difference Roasting Between Arabica And Excelsa

Excelsa coffee: a review of the difference roasting between Arabica and Excelsa. When it comes to roasting, the distinction between Arabica and Excelsa coffee beans becomes apparent.

Learning to roast the two types of coffee beans can unlock a world of flavor possibilities that you otherwise wouldn’t have access to.

Roasting Arabica and Excelsa beans requires slightly different techniques, as each type of bean has its own unique characteristics. When roasting Arabica coffee beans, it’s important to keep an eye on the temperature and not let it get too high or else it will burn.

On the other hand, Excelsa beans require a higher temperature in order to draw out their full flavor profile. It’s essential to be mindful when roasting either type of bean so that you don’t over-roast them, because this can ruin the flavor profile you’re attempting to achieve.

With practice, anyone can become an expert at roasting both Arabica and Excelsa beans. Knowing how much time each type needs in relation to temperature is key for achieving the perfect cup every time.

Ultimately, mastering how to roast these two types of coffee beans will allow you to create delicious blends with unique flavors only attainable through proper roasting technique.

It’s these subtle nuances between Arabica and Excelsa that make learning how to properly roast each so rewarding once achieved.

Moving beyond just simply having great tasting coffee, those who know how to properly roast both varieties are able open up a world of flavors possibilities that they otherwise never would have had access too.


Grading coffee beans is an important step in the process of creating a quality cup, as certain grades can drastically alter the flavor profile. Arabica and Excelsa are two types of coffee beans with different characteristics that affect the grading process.

When comparing Arabica and Excelsa beans, there are several key differences to consider:


Arabica beans have a subtle, sweet flavor with notes of chocolate or nuts while Excelsa beans tend to be more acidic and fruity.


Arabica has a mild aroma while Excelsa has a stronger smell.

Size & Shape:

Arabica is larger and rounder than Excelsa which is smaller and more oblong in shape.

The grading process for both types of coffee takes into account not only size and shape but also color, taste, acidity level, moisture content, oiliness (or lack thereof), and overall flavor profile.

Grades range from unroasted green coffee to specialty grade roasted coffee—the higher the grade, the better quality bean it is considered to be.

While both Arabica and Excelsa have their own unique flavors that make them desirable for certain applications or brews, they each must meet different criteria when it comes to grading.

It’s important for any connoisseur or producer to understand these distinctions before deciding which type of bean should be used in their particular product or blend.

Coffee bean grading requires knowledge of each type’s unique properties in order to ensure proper selection for desired results—whether that means choosing an aromatic single-origin espresso blend comprised solely of one variety like Arabica or selecting an exotic blend featuring both varieties like Excelsa blended with Robusta beans for added complexity and body.

Knowing how each type behaves during roasting can help provide insight into how best to grade them so you can get consistently great tasting cups every time!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the caffeine content of Arabica and Excelsa?

Arabica coffee beans typically contain 1.2-1.5% caffeine, while Excelsa beans usually have 0.8-1% caffeine content. Therefore, Arabica tends to have a higher concentration of caffeine than Excelsa.

What is the lifespan of Arabica and Excelsa beans?

Arabica beans usually last 2-3 years, while Excelsa beans have a shorter lifespan of 1-2 years. Both can be stored for long periods with proper care.

What is the effect of climate on the growth of Arabica and Excelsa?

I know climate can affect the growth of both arabica and excelsa beans. Temperature, rainfall, and humidity all play a role in how well they grow. Varied weather conditions can cause changes to flavor and quality, too.

What is the cost difference between Arabica and Excelsa?

The cost of Arabica and Excelsa can vary greatly. Generally, Arabica is more expensive due to its higher quality but Excelsa can be more affordable. My advice is to shop around for the best price.

What is the yield of Arabica and Excelsa beans?

I’ve noticed that arabica beans typically have a higher yield than excelsa beans. Arabica produces more coffee per pound and is able to reach peak flavor at lower levels of roast. Excelsa, on the other hand, yields less coffee and requires a darker roast for its flavor to be released.


When it comes to coffee, Arabica and Excelsa are two distinct varieties with their own unique characteristics. Arabica beans have a sweet, subtle flavor profile, making them great for lighter roasts and specialty drinks.

Excelsa beans have a bolder taste, making them ideal for dark roasts and espresso blends. Both of these coffees offer something special to the world of coffee, so no matter what you’re looking for in your cup of joe, one or both of these options is sure to please!

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Thank you!