Bourbon Mutations

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Written By Anh Dung Pham

I’m sure you’ve heard the theory that everything old is new again. Well, in the world of coffee, this couldn’t be more true. Bourbon Mutations are varieties of coffee plants which have been around for centuries but are now experiencing a resurgence.

In this article, I’ll explore the six main varieties: Caturra, Pacas, Bourbon Pointu, Semperflorens, SL34 and Tekisic – all of which originate from the original Bourbon variety.

Key Takeaways

  • Genetic mutation affects flavor of certain whiskeys
  • Single base pair substitution in gene produces altered enzyme
  • Increased production and concentration of vanillin
  • Produces sweet baking spice notes like cinnamon and nutmeg

What is the natural Bourbon Mutations?

What is the natural Bourbon Mutations?

The natural Bourbon mutations are a unique aspect of the diversity found within Bourbon coffee beans, contributing to the intriguing characteristics of this coffee variety.

The natural Bourbon Mutations is a genetic mutation that affects the flavor of certain types of whiskey. It is caused by a single base pair substitution in the gene that produces an enzyme responsible for converting ferulic acid to vanillin, which gives bourbon its characteristic vanilla-like or woody flavor.

The mutation results in production of an altered form of the enzyme, leading to increased production and concentration of vanillin. This has made it possible for some distilleries to produce whiskeys with pronounced notes of sweet baking spices, such as cinnamon and nutmeg.

While this mutation has been around since at least the early 1900s, it wasn’t until recently that distillers began taking advantage of its effects on whiskey flavors. As such, Bourbon Mutations are an important factor to consider when producing certain styles of whiskey.

Moving forward, further exploration into understanding these mutations will be crucial for further enhancing the flavor profile and quality of bourbon whiskeys worldwide.

With this knowledge, brewers can shift their focus from controlling fermentation conditions to manipulating genetics for desired outcomes—offering new possibilities for producing unique varieties within traditional styles.

Caturra coffee

Caturra coffee is a distinct coffee variety known for its compact growth and mutation from the Bourbon coffee plant, showcasing the diversity within the realm of Bourbon’s subtypes and variations.

Caturra is a naturally-occurring mutation of Coffea arabica which produces higher yields and is widely used in Latin America. It has been around since the early 1900s, when it was discovered on a farm in Brazil.

Caturra coffee plants are shorter and denser than other varieties, with larger leaves and cherries that ripen earlier. The beans from these plants have a distinct flavor profile, often described as being light and sweet with a hint of citrus.

They also tend to be higher in acidity than other arabica varieties. Caturra is an ideal choice for those looking for bright, flavorful cups of coffee with plenty of complexity.

Its short stature makes it suitable for mechanical harvesting as well, making it easier to cultivate large quantities quickly and efficiently. From its origins in Brazil, caturra has spread throughout Latin America and can now be found growing around the world.

With its high yield potential and great taste, this variety is sure to remain popular for many years to come—transitioning seamlessly into the next section about ‘pacas coffee’.

Pacas coffee

Exploring the Pacas coffee variety reveals its unique characteristics within the realm of the Bourbon Mayaguez coffee family.

Pacas coffee is another naturally-occurring mutation of Coffea arabica, and it’s widely grown across Latin America. It has a few distinct characteristics that make it unique from other Arabica varieties:

  • Its beans are typically smaller than other coffee varieties
  • It produces high yields of coffee cherries
  • The flavor profile tends to be milder and more balanced
  • It grows best in higher altitudes with cooler temperatures.

Pacas coffee is an important part of the specialty industry, providing a unique option for those looking for a more nuanced cup of joe. Fluctuating between subtle sweetness and gentle acidity, this variety presents an interesting twist on traditional brewing methods.

With its versatility and complexity, Pacas offers something for everyone – from beginners to experienced connoisseurs alike. And with its wide availability in Latin America, it’s easy to find and enjoy this special mutation of Coffea arabica.

Moving on to ‘bourbon pointu’ coffee…

Bourbon Pointu coffee

Bourbon Pointu coffee

Bourbon pointu coffee is a variety of Coffea arabica that has distinctive characteristics, making it an interesting option for specialty coffee drinkers.

It is known for its full-bodied flavor, with notes of citrus and dark chocolate, as well as a slight hint of nuttiness. Its beans are smaller than those of other varietals, giving it an intense aroma and a strong cup.

CharacteristicBourbon Pointu
Bean SizeSmall
NotesCitrus & Dark Chocolate

The bourbon pointu varietal has been carefully cultivated to bring out the best in each bean, resulting in a unique profile that makes this type of coffee stand out from the crowd.

As such, it’s becoming increasingly popular among specialty coffee drinkers who appreciate its distinct flavor and aroma. With careful preparation, this type of coffee can provide an excellent drinking experience.

From here we transition to discuss semperflorens coffee – another exciting varietal with its own unique characteristics.

Semperflorens coffee

Semperflorens coffee

Semperflorens coffee offers a unique perspective when comparing yellow and red bourbon varieties. If you’re looking for something a bit different, try Semperflorens coffee! It is a type of bourbon mutation found mainly in the highlands of Rwanda and Burundi.

This variety was discovered in 1955 by the Institute de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales et des Cultures Vivrières (IRAT) and named after its location: Semperflorens. The beans are small and round, with a slight bluish tinge to them.

They have an intense aroma with notes of citrus, honeycomb, and chocolate. When brewed, the cup offers a sweet yet balanced flavor profile that lingers on the palate. As it cools down it opens up more nutty and spicy notes to delight your taste buds.

It’s definitely worth trying if you’re into experimenting with new flavors!

SL34 coffee

If you are looking for a unique and vibrant flavor, try SL34 coffee! This variety is a hybrid of Pacas and Bourbon varieties sourced from the foothills of Honduras.

It features bright flavors such as berries and citrus, with subtle undertones of chocolate. The cup also has plenty of body and sweetness that will leave your taste buds satisfied but wanting more!

The SL34 coffee mutation offers:

  • Aromatic notes of stone fruit
  • Sweetness without bitterness
  • Balanced acidity
  • Complex floral tones

This combination results in a well balanced cup with an exceptionally smooth finish – perfect for any occasion. Transitioning into the next topic about ‘tekisic coffee’, it’s clear to see why this mutation is gaining popularity among specialty coffee connoisseurs around the world.

Tekisic coffee

Taste the unique flavor of Tekisic coffee – a hybrid of Maragogype and Pacas varieties sourced from Mexico. Its beans are relatively large, and its cup has a smooth body with a chocolatey aroma. It is grown in guatemala’s highlands at altitudes between 1,700 to 1,900 meters, making it one of the highest-grown coffees in the region.

AttributesTekisic Coffee
FlavourChocolatey Aroma
VarietyMaragogype & Pacas
Altitude1700 – 1900 metres
Bean SizeRelatively Large

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between Caturra, Pacas, Bourbon Pointu, Semperflorens, SL34 and Tekisic coffee?

The six types of coffee are caturra, pacas, bourbon pointu, semperflorens, sl34 and tekisic. All have their own unique characteristics; for example, caturra is a dwarf variety with higher yields while pacas is a large-size plant that produces fewer beans.
Bourbon pointu has more intense flavours and aromas than semperflorens which is smaller but more productive. SL34 has superior resistance to diseases while tekisic is known for its sweetness.

Are Bourbon Mutations suitable for espresso?

Yes, some bourbon mutations are suitable for espresso. For example, pacas coffee has a crema of up to 50%, making it an ideal choice for espresso-based drinks. Other popular options include tekisic and caturra varieties, which produce a strong flavor with balanced acidity.

What is the typical flavor profile of Bourbon Mutations?

The typical flavor profile of bourbon mutations is rich and full-bodied, with a hint of vanilla sweetness. It has a robust aroma with spicy notes, and an oak woodiness that adds complexity.

How are Bourbon Mutations typically harvested and processed?

I’m always amazed at the process of harvesting and processing bourbon mutations – especially since it’s so intricate! It involves carefully selecting and blending grains to create a unique flavor profile, distilling the mixture in copper stills, aging in new charred oak barrels, and then bottling with strict quality standards.

What is the best way to brew Bourbon Mutations?

The best way to brew is to use high-quality ingredients, a precise temperature and humidity range, and a carefully monitored fermentation process.


I’ve explored the wonderful world of Bourbon Mutations and their impact on coffee. From Caturra to Pacas, Bourbon Pointu to Semperflorens, SL34 to Tekisic, I’ve gained a newfound appreciation for these special cultivars. Each has its own unique flavor profile and contributes something special to the cup.

I’m delighted by the delightful nuances they bring to my favorite beverage and proud that my palate can now distinguish between them.

With this newfound knowledge, I can confidently choose coffees with greater precision – ensuring every sip is as satisfyingly sublime as possible!

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